According to the DSM-IV, Specific Phobia is a marked and persistent fear of specific objects or situations. Exposure to that stimulus almost always provokes anxiety. This reaction may resemble a panic attack, which has symptoms such as heightened heart rate, sweating, hyperventilation (rapid, shallow breathing) and feelings of terror and helplessness.
Adolescents and adults usually recognize that this fear is excessive or unreasonable. This often results in avoidance of the feared stimulus, although sometimes it can be endured with great discomfort. This diagnosis only applies if the avoidance or anticipation anxiety interferes in the person's daily functioning or holding a job, their social life, or if they are distressed about having the phobia.
The subtypes of specific phobia are:
- Animal type (such as snakes, spiders, dogs)
- Natural environment type (such as heights)
- Blood-injection-injury type (such as blood, wounds, hypodermic needles or medical procedures)
- Situational type (such as driving, flying, bridges, and a child's fear of school)
- Other type (such as contracting an illness, loud sounds)
The Institute treats specific phobias using Exposure Response Prevention Therapy and cognitive components implemented through talk therapy, writing exercises, loop tapes and narratives, customized for the phobia of the individual patient.
Source: Page 444, DSM-IV, Year 2005, American Psychiatric Association
Announcements & Upcoming Events
Dr. Gorbis' interview on Body Dysmorphic Disorder now available to watch at psychotherapy.net!
Dr. Gorbis talks about Body Dysmorphic order, its successful treatment methods, and resources for therapists. Watch it now at http://www.psychotherapy.net/interview/eda-gorbis-body-dysmorphic.
33rd Annual Anxiety and Depression Association of America Conference
The annual Anxiety and Depression Conference will take plane April 4-7, 2013 at the Hyatt Regency La Jolla (La Jolla, California). The theme of the 33rd Conference is Anxiety and Depression: Technology and New Media in Practice and Research. Dr. Eda Gorbis will be presenting two workshops at this conference. More information will follow as the conference draws near. Stay tuned!
New Partial Intensive Outpatient Program to Launch Soon
We will soon launch a new Partial Intensive Outpatient program. It will be based on the same treatment methods as the Intensive Outpatient program. Please contact us or call our office at (310) 443-0031 for more information
Watch the Full Episode of MTV True Life Series "I Hate My Face" featuring Dr. Eda Gorbis